Surgical Approach To Cancer Treatment

Different types of surgical approaches are considered for different types of cancer. Each treatment has different outcomes.

Some surgeries are used to remove the cancerous cells while some to remove the affected organ completely or partially. The type of surgery always depends on the following factors :

  • Type of cancer
  • Size and location of a tumour
  • Stage of cancer
  • Goals of treatment
  • A person’s general health and preferences
  • Facilities and experts available

Cancer surgeries are very complex in nature.

Dr Sandeep is one amongst the most skilled and experienced oncologist in India, having performed numerous complex cancer surgeries successfully using one of the latest and modern state of the art treatment techniques to treat cancer namely Laparoscopy and Robotics.


The 2 most common approaches of surgeries for treating cancer is

  1. Open Conventional Surgery
  2. Minimally Invasive Surgery

1 . Open Conventional Surgery :

This surgical procedure is performed by making a big cut/incision. This surgical approach is one of the oldest and often used surgeries for eliminating cancer.

This surgery, in other words, is called traditional cancer surgery.

2 . Minimally Invasive Surgery :

As the name suggests, ‘minimally’ the surgery is performed with minimal pain and minimum complications post-surgery. This surgery is performed extensively by Dr Sandeep Nayak.

Leveraging these clinically advanced techniques Dr Nayak and his team perform some of the most unique cancer surgeries, which is what sets him apart and makes him one of the best surgical oncologist in India.

In MACS a small incision is made with the endoscopic instrument so that the surgeon can access the tumour organ.

Minimally Invasive Surgery is done using 2 approaches

  • Laparoscopy surgery
  • Robotic surgery

Laparoscopy Surgery

Laparoscopy surgery is also called minimally invasive surgery because small incisions are made in this surgery as compared to the traditional open cancer surgery.

The incisions made in laparoscopy surgery are of 0.5-1 cm in size which are much smaller than the incisions made in open surgery. Each incision in medical terms in laparoscopy surgery is called a “port.”

At each port, a tubular instrument known as a trochar is inserted in the area where a cancer tumour has started to develop.

Specialized instruments and also a special camera known as a laparoscope are passed through the trochars during the surgical procedure. Laparoscopy surgery can be used for cancer in the following areas –

  • Gynecologic
  • Gallbladder
  • Esophageal
  • Colon
  • Stomach
  • Spleen
  • Intestinal

Dr Nayak is considered a pioneer in using these techniques which is what makes him earn the title of ‘best oncologist in India’.

He has been performing various cancer surgeries for the past few years related to the intestine and other organs using the latest techniques.

Robotic Surgery

This is one of the most modern techniques for treating cancer with precision. This surgery uses the latest “Da Vinci” system.

This is the best treatment option used to remove the tumour from organs that are located deep inside and are difficult to reach. This is the most recent invention which is used as a substitute to open as well as laparoscopy surgery.

Even though robotic surgery uses the latest technology in medical science, at the same time it also requires a highly skilled and best onco-surgeon for this type of surgery.

Being one of the best oncologist in India for robotic surgery, Dr Sandeep Nayak believes in scientific excellence. He has travelled abroad to conduct extensive studies about advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery methods.

Robotic surgery is generally performed to treat cancer which is in the earliest stage. A surgical bot helps in performing these surgeries more accurately and precisely enabling a 3D vision to the surgeon.

Dr Sandeep Nayak considers this technique as the best treatment method as the benefits are many.

MIND (Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection)

As the treatment name suggests, this surgery is used for treating a cancerous tumour in the throat area. Cancer starts to grow in (pharynx), tonsils or voice box (larynx).

This minimally invasive surgery is called MIND (Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection) In this surgery, 3-4 incisions are made around the colour bone area so that the surgeon gets clear access to the neck.

In some cases, minimally invasive neck dissection is assisted with radiotherapy which is much quicker than it is in open cancer surgery.

Organ Preserving Onco-Surgeries

It is very essential to preserve the organ in any type of surgery for that matter cancer surgery. Dr Sandeep Nayak and his team strive hard to provide the best treatment and as far as possible preserve cancer-affected organs.

The best surgery for saving the organ is the latest laparoscopy and robotic cancer surgery.

This treatment uses the latest technology which helps in preserving the organ and the patient also need not go through undergo intense pain and discomfort.

RABIT (Robotic Assisted Breast Axillo Insufflate Thyroidectomy)

Robotic-Assisted Breast Axillo Insufflate Thyroidectomy is a robotic surgery considered as a replacement to open thyroid surgery. This is one of the modern robotic-assisted techniques for treating thyroid cancer.

This is a less scar treatment for thyroid tumour removal. Dr Sandeep has invented and used this surgical approach over the past years to successfully treat his patients, which is why he is addressed as the best oncologist in India.

In this surgery, the throat area is accessed by lifting the breast skin so that the surgeon can access the thyroid gland. The small incisions are 1-1.5 cm. Other incisions being 7cm in size and one incision of 5 cm is made for assistance.

RABIT surgical process is best suited for removing thyroid tumour which is of less than 4cm.

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