Globally, liver cancer is one of the most common cancer. The liver is a vital organ without which the body would perish. It aids in the filtration of toxins and bile production, which helps the body digest food and metabolize fats. It also breaks substances like alcohol and drugs. Damage to the liver due to disease can raise the risk of liver cancer and limit treatment options.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the best surgical oncologist in India, understands that patients with liver cancer and other gastrointestinal tract malignancies face specific obstacles and that treatment options vary depending on the condition. He is dedicated to identifying, treating, and assisting people with liver and other GI malignancies in improving their quality of life.
Dr. Nayak is committed to providing cutting-edge liver cancer treatments in Bangalore, India. He collaborates with patients to provide high-quality surgical care in a patient-centred manner.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is one of the best oncologist in Bangalore. He has years of experience delivering a range of liver cancer treatments in Bangalore, India. His clinical care model is meant to help patients manage side effects and keep their quality of life during their treatment journey.
This article gives an overview of liver cancer and its treatments. Scroll down to read more!
First, let's have an,
Overview of Liver Cancer
The liver is located in the upper right region of the abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach, where it takes up a lot of room. It is, in reality, the human body's largest internal organ.
Liver cancer starts in the cells of the liver. Some cells may begin to divide rapidly and develop one or more tumours, disrupting the organ's function.
Now, let's discuss,
What are the factors that put you at risk for liver cancer?
If one or more of the risk factors listed below apply, a person may be at a higher risk of developing liver cancer.
- Chronic Hepatitis B or C infections
- Primary biliary cirrhosis
- Gender and ethnicity
- Being overweight or obese
A thorough diagnosis may aid in the early detection of cancer when it is most curable. Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the leading oncologist in Bangalore, India, may recommend regular screening for patients at a higher risk of liver cancer.
Let's take a look at the,
Symptoms of Liver Cancer
Liver cancer symptoms may not appear until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.
The following are the symptoms of liver cancer:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Abdominal swelling
- Presence of hard lump at the right below the rib cage
- Back pain or discomfort in the area of the right shoulder blade
- Bruising or bleeding that is easy to come by
- Vomiting and nausea
- Eating issues
- Dark urine or pale bowel motions
Now, let's discuss the,
Types of Liver Cancer
There are two types of liver cancer: primary and secondary. The liver is where primary liver cancer begins. Secondary liver cancer is metastatic, which means it began elsewhere and has spread to the liver. For example, lung cancer that has progressed to the liver is still referred to be lung cancer. And doctors may treat liver cancer as part of a lung cancer treatment plan.
The liver is primarily made up of blood arteries, where most cancers begin. The most frequent type of primary liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), usually linked to cirrhosis or chronic liver damage. This disease can manifest as a single massive tumour. But it's more likely that numerous tiny tumours will develop throughout the liver.
Other types of primary liver cancer include:
- Cholangiocarcinoma (bile duct cancer) develops in or around the liver's bile ducts. Cholangiocarcinoma account for 10-20% of all primary liver cancers.
- Angiosarcoma and hemangiosarcoma are tumours that attack the thin layer of cells that line the blood artery walls in the liver. They are rare, fast-moving malignancies.
- Hepatoblastoma is a type of childhood cancer that affects the foetal liver cells.
Diagnosis of Liver Cancer
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a seasoned cancer specialist in Bangalore, India, has extensive experience detecting and treating liver cancer.
Diagnostic tests for liver cancer may include:
- Liver biopsy
- Blood and other pathology tests
- Imaging tests, such as:
- CT scan
- PET/CT scan
- MRI scan
- Bone scan
Dr. Nayak will discuss treatment options with patients and their families after the diagnosis and assist them in developing a personalized treatment plan tailored to their specific needs.
Treatment Options for Liver Cancer
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is considered one of the best oncologist in India, specializing in advanced, minimally invasive liver cancer treatment in Bangalore. The best course of action may depend on the extent of liver damage caused by cancer or other illnesses and if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Surgery, several types of drug therapy, and even liver transplantation are all options for treating liver cancer.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak is a highly qualified and experienced surgical oncologist in India. He has a great deal of expertise in treating cancer by laparoscopic and robotic surgical techniques. The surgical team may include HPB and liver transplant surgeons. Patients should discuss the potential side effects of their procedure with their health care provider before undergoing surgery.
Removing a portion of the liver, ranging from a small wedge to a whole lobe, is known as partial hepatectomy. The liver's surviving segment takes over the activities of the entire organ. Within a few weeks, the liver may regrow to its original size. Even if the tumour is tiny, a hepatectomy may not be possible if the patient has severe cirrhosis.
Pain, weakness, exhaustion, and liver failure are possible side effects. The medical team will be on the lookout for signs of bleeding, infection, liver failure, or other issues that require immediate attention.
It involves removing the entire liver and replacing it with an organ from a donor.
Liver transplantation is only possible if specific parameters are met, such as the presence of specified tumour size and quantity and the availability of a suitable donor. It is crucial to note that the number of donor livers available is limited. Thus, transplantation isn't always an option.
After a transplant, the patient will be constantly monitored for signals that the body rejects the new liver or that the tumour has recurred. To avoid rejection, the patient must take medicine.
It is a treatment for destroying malignancies in the liver without removing them. Cryoablation, microwave, radiofrequency, and ethanol are some available methods.
It involves using drugs to kill or prevent cancer cells from replicating. Chemotherapy can have a systemic effect (medications or injections that travel throughout the body).
It includes using drugs that target cancer genes or tissues. Chemotherapy is not the same as targeted therapy.
It involves using drugs that guide the body's immune system to attack cancer cells. It, too, is not the same as chemotherapy.