Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland at the front base of the neck. The thyroid gland releases hormones that regulate your metabolism, body temperature, blood pressure, and heart rate. Thyroid cancer which belongs to the group of endocrine cancer, responds well to treatment and has a good cure rate.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a renowned surgical oncologist in India, offers comprehensive thyroid cancer treatment in Bangalore. He excels in the latest surgical modalities, such as laparoscopic and robotic surgeries.
He firmly believes that minimally-invasive procedures offer patients better outcomes, less trauma, and quicker return to daily life. That’s why he keeps researching and developing newer surgical techniques.
Robotic-Assisted Breast Axillo Insufflate Thyroidectomy (RABIT), which he invented, is a perfect alternative to open thyroid cancer surgery. This minimal access procedure offers greater precision, accuracy, and fewer scars. His expertise, experience, and in-depth knowledge has gained him respect and recognition as one of the best oncologist in Bangalore, India.
Read on to learn about
The different options for thyroid cancer treatment in Bangalore
Your thyroid cancer treatment will depend on the type, stage, and location of your tumor, plus your age, overall health, and preference. The majority of patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer have an excellent prognosis because most thyroid tumors are curable with treatment.
Your thyroid cancer treatment will depend on the type, stage, and location of your tumor, plus your age, overall health, and preference.
The majority of patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer have an excellent prognosis because most thyroid tumors are curable with treatment.
Surgery is the first line of treatment for most thyroid cancer patients. The surgeon may remove the entire thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) or just a portion (lobectomy), depending on the type and size of your thyroid cancer and whether it has spread to your lymph nodes. Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a leading cancer specialist in Bangalore, invests time in discussing the treatment plan with his patients to help them make informed decisions.
2.Conventional open surgery (Thyroidectomy)
During open thyroidectomy, the surgeon will make an incision about 8 to 15 cm long in the lower section of your neck to remove the thyroid gland. It can either be total thyroidectomy or hemithyroidectomy, depending on your cancer stage.
This procedure leaves behind a long visible scar in the front of the neck, which many patients want to avoid.
3.Robotic-Assisted BreastAxillo Insufflate Thyroidectomy (RABIT)
RABIT is an advanced procedure performed using Da Vinci Xi robotic machine to remove thyroid cancer. It is an alternative to open thyroid cancer surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon makes small incisions to access the thyroid gland by lifting the breast skin.
Robotic surgery provides high-definition 3D images that help the surgeon operate with precision and preserve the vital structures and nerves around the thyroid. This procedure does not leave any scars on the neck. Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a robotic and laparoscopic surgical oncologist in India, has performed more than 500 surgeries for benign and cancerous thyroid tumors.
4.Minimally invasive thyroid surgery (MITS)
MITS is similar to open thyroidectomy, with the only difference being the length of the incision on the neck, which is less than 6 cm. The rest of the process is carried out in the same way as a traditional thyroidectomy. This surgery offers better cosmesis and lesser discomfort due to the smaller incision.
5.Laparoscopic thyroid surgery (Endoscopic)
Endoscopic thyroidectomy, also referred to as minimally invasive video-assisted thyroidectomy, is an advanced surgical procedure where the surgeon operates through small incisions in the axilla (armpit).
The video camera provides the surgeon with a magnified vision of the structures, making it easier to carry out dissection.
The axillary approach helps carry out total thyroidectomy and remove large thyroid nodules. Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a highly qualified surgical oncologist in India, is an expert in all the above surgical modalities. He is known to provide excellent thyroid cancer treatment in Bangalore and has patients visiting him from all over the world.
6.Thyroid Hormone therapy
After the thyroid surgery, your body will no longer produce thyroid hormones naturally and will have to be replaced with thyroid replacement hormone therapy for the rest of your life. This medication is usually in pill form.
7.Radioactive iodine therapy
During radioactive iodine treatment, you are made to swallow a liquid or capsule with high doses of radioactive iodine. It helps to destroy the thyroid cancer cells that may exist after the surgery. It is mainly used to treat those thyroid cancer shaving a risk of metastasizing. The treatment is safe as the radioactive iodine is mainly absorbed by the thyroid cancer cells, and there is a minimum risk of radiation exposure to the other cells in your body.
The oncologist may suggest radiation therapy if other treatments do not work or cancer returns.
Radiation destroys and stops the growth of cancer cells. External radiation therapy is given through machines that deliver high-energy proton or x-ray beams directed to the tumor.
Chemotherapy uses different types of drugs to kill cancer cells. It is given orally or intravenously. Chemotherapy helps manage fast-growing thyroid cancer, such as anaplastic thyroid cancer.
10.Targeted drug therapy
Targeted drug therapy kills cancer cells by blocking specific chemicals found in them. There are several targeted therapy drugs available for thyroid cancer. Some drugs stop cancer cells from creating blood vessels that deliver the nutrients necessary for the cells to survive.
Others focus on certain gene changes. Your doctor will decide which one is appropriate for you with the help of special tests.
Now that you know of all the options available for thyroid cancer treatment in Bangalore let us focus on the diagnosis, symptoms, and risk factors of thyroid cancer.
How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a well-known oncologist in India, will ask you to undergo a few of the tests below to determine whether you have thyroid cancer or any other ailment.
The tests include:
- Physical exam
- Blood tests
- Genetic tests
- Radioiodine scan
- CT scan
- PET scan
What are the different types of thyroid cancer?
There are four main types of thyroid cancer:
- Papillary thyroid cancer
- Follicular thyroid cancer
- Medullary cancer
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer
What are the symptoms of thyroid cancer?
In the early stages, thyroid cancer does not cause any signs or symptoms. As it grows, it may cause the following problems:
- Pain in your throat and neck
- Lump in your neck, which you can feel through the skin
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Change in the voice, hoarseness
- Swelling in the nymph nodes in the neck
If you notice any of the above symptoms, please get them checked by your doctor. Early diagnosis results in timely treatment and better outcomes.
What are the causes of thyroid cancer?
The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown. However, a few factors can increase your risk of getting it.
- Iodine deficiency
- Inherited genetic syndrome
- Radiation exposure
- Enlarged thyroid
Women are three times more prone to get thyroid cancer than men. It can affect people of all ages, children included. But usually, it affects women in the age group of 40 to 50 and men in the age group of 60 to 70.
Follow-up after your thyroid cancer treatment
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, an expert cancer specialist in Bangalore, India, always asks his patients to be very particular about follow-up visits and tests.
This helps the doctor monitor your health and watch for signs that indicate your cancer has returned. You will have to visit the doctor at least twice a year for a check-up.