Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, the female reproductive organ. It is the third most common malignancy that affects women. The cervix is the bottom section of the uterus that opens up into the top of the vagina. This cancer occurs in the cervix region and begins as a precancerous disease known as dysplasia.
In women, it is the most easily avoidable type of cancer. Regular Pap smear testing and follow-ups with a seasoned cancer specialist in Bangalore, India, like Dr. Sandeep Nayak, can help detect it. Women who have never had an abnormal Pap smear should get screened every three years at the absolute least.
According to Dr. Sandeep Nayak, one of the leading surgical oncologist in India, early detection and proper treatment methods assure a speedy and complete recovery from cervical cancer.
Unwanted events do occur, and you may develop cervical cancer as a result. But don't be concerned. If you open up about your problem and discuss it openly with your loved ones, you allow yourself to receive the most excellent treatment.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a renowned oncologist in India for treating cervical cancer, can give you the best advice on the disease.
The stage of the disease determines cervical cancer treatment. Dr. Sandeep Nayak can provide you with the most advanced and effective cervical cancer treatment in Bangalore, India.
Dr. Sandeep Nayak would first perform a thorough examination to find the best therapy option for the condition. His vast knowledge will surely aid you in receiving the best treatment and consultation possible.
So, what are you waiting for? Make an appointment with Dr. Sandeep Nayak right now.
If you want to know more about uterus / cervical cancer treatment in India, this article may assist.
What is Cervical Cancer, and How Does It Affect You?
Cervical cancer develops when cells in the cervix, which connects the uterus and the vaginal canal, alter. This cancer can harm the cervix's deeper tissues and spread to other parts of the body (metastasize), most commonly the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.
The most common cause of cervical cancer is infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be prevented with a vaccine.
What are the Different Types of Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer comes in a variety of forms.
- Squamous cell carcinoma. This develops in the cervix's lining. It can be discovered in up to 90% of cases.
- Adenocarcinoma. This occurs in the mucus-producing cells.
- Mixed carcinoma. This has characteristics of the other two categories.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer in its early stages usually has no symptoms. However, advanced stage cervical cancer may show the following signs and symptoms:
- After intercourse, between menstruation, or after menopause, vaginal bleeding can occur.
- Vaginal discharge that is watery, red, heavy, and smells foul.
Now, let’s know,
What Causes Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer originates with abnormal tissue alterations. The majority of cases result from HPV infection. HPV can cause skin warts, genital warts, and other skin problems in different ways. Others have been related to the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, tongue, and tonsil malignancies.
What Are the Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer?
You may be at an increased risk of cervical cancer if you:
- Have sex before the age of 16 or within a year of the start of your period.
- Have multiple sexual partners.
- Take birth control pills, especially if you have been using them for more than five years.
- Smoke tobacco.
- Have a compromised immune system.
- Are diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease (STD).
Cervical Cancer Screening
The Papanicolaou test (Pap smear) and high-risk HPV tests are commonly used in cervical cancer screening. A Pap smear is a test performed as part of a woman's regular pelvic examination.
The doctor collects cells from the cervix's surface, which the lab technician examines under a microscope. If anything odd is discovered, the doctor performs a cervical tissue biopsy.
The oncologist may recommend the following tests to look for cancer cells:
Cervical biopsy/ Colposcopy:
If abnormal cells are seen on a Pap smear, the doctor will check a colposcopy. During the Colposcopy examination, the cervix is dyed with a harmless dye or acetic acid to see the cells clearly.
A Colposcope microscope is used to enlarge the cervix 8 to 15 times to look for atypical cells to biopsy. If the colposcopy reveals symptoms of invasive cancer, a second biopsy is required.
Cone biopsy and Conization:
While the patient is under anesthesia, the doctor may choose to do a Conization (taking a cervix sample) in the operating room.
The doctor uses an electrified wire loop to extract a piece of tissue from the cervix during the Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP).
LEEP, Scalpel (cold knife conization), and laser procedures are all outpatient procedures that allow patients to leave the hospital the same day.
If the Pap test is abnormal or other indications of cervical cancer are discovered, Dr. Sandeep Nayak may further investigate the patient's and family's medical histories. If Dr. Sandeep finds cancer cells in the cervix and analyses the lymph nodes to see if cancer has spread, he may propose additional tests.
Cervical Cancer Treatment
Cervical cancer can be cured if it is discovered early. Treatment for cervical cancer is determined by several criteria, including cancer's stage, other health issues the patient may have, and personal preferences.
The following are the treatment options for cervical cancer:
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted therapy
These therapies are sometimes combined to improve their efficacy.
Cervical cancer in its early stages is usually treated with surgery. The optimal operation for you will be determined by the size and stage of your cancer, as well as whether or not you want to contemplate becoming pregnant in the future.
- Surgical removal of cancer. For mild cervical cancer, a cone biopsy may completely eradicate the tumor. This surgery entails removing a cone-shaped portion of cervical tissue while leaving the rest of the cervix undamaged. This choice may allow you to think about becoming pregnant in the future.
- Surgical removal of the cervix (trachelectomy). A radical trachelectomy operation, which removes the cervix and surrounding
- tissue, may treat early-stage cervical cancer. Because the uterus is retained following this treatment, you may become pregnant if you so desire.
- Surgical removal of the cervix and uterus (hysterectomy). Early-stage cervical cancer can be cured and prevented with a hysterectomy. The surgeon removes the cervix, uterus, portion of the vaginal wall, and adjacent lymph
- nodes for most early-stage cervical malignancies during a radical hysterectomy. However, eliminating the uterus makes it impossible to conceive.
For early-stage cervical cancer, a minimally invasive hysterectomy, which includes making several tiny incisions in the abdomen rather than one large incision, may be a possibility. People who get minimally invasive surgery need shorter hospital stays and recover faster.
If you are considering minimally invasive surgery, talk to Dr. Sandeep Nayak, a highly qualified and experienced surgical oncologist in Bangalore, India, about the benefits and risks of the procedure.
2. Radiation therapy:
High-energy X-ray beams are used in radiation therapy to eliminate malignant cells. Radiation therapy can be administered both within and outside the body, utilizing a metal tube inserted into the uterus or vaginal canal and a machine.
Chemotherapy is a treatment in which medicinal drugs are administered into the body to eliminate cancer cells. This treatment is given in a particular order by medical oncologists. They administer chemotherapy to the patient for a set amount of time. Later on, the therapy is stopped to help heal the patient's body.
4. Targeted therapy:
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment in which medications target specific genes and proteins involved in cancer cell development and survival. These medications target cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone.
Drugs used in targeted therapy can block or inhibit cancer cells' signals to develop or direct cancer cells to self-destruct. Targeted medications prevent cancer cells from multiplying. In a nutshell, these medications prevent cancer cells from dividing and forming new cancer cells.
Immunotherapy is a medicine that boosts your immune system's ability to fight cancer. It works by interfering with the immune system's natural processes. Because cancer cells release proteins that immune system cells cannot recognize, your body's disease-fighting immune system may fail to battle cancer. The oncologist may give immunotherapy when cervical cancer has progressed and previous therapies have failed.
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with cervical cancer, Dr. Sandeep Nayak, an expert surgical oncologist, can help. He offers minimally invasive and result-oriented cervical cancer treatment in Bangalore, India.